Problem (or Goal)
- The story takes place in the woods.
- The crow is up in a tree.
Solution (or Attempt)
- The fox wants a piece of cheese that is out of her reach.
- As an option, students may provide details about the cheese: it is tiny, seems tasty, smells good, and it's a piece of cheese.
Outcome (or Resolution)
- The fox will use a trick (flattery) to get the cheese.
- The fox flatters the crow by telling her she is beautiful, telling her she could be queen of all birds if she could sing. The crow falls for the trick, believes she is beautiful and, in her pride, tries to sing.
Lesson (or Theme, or Moral)
- The crow drops the cheese and the fox eats it.
- The fox feels successful, happy.
- The crow feels sad.
- The crow learned a lesson: beware of flatterers.
Target Word Dimensions
Good readers have a depth of knowledge about words. When they read, they determine which meaning of a word is appropriate within the context of the text, and they make associations to prior knowledge about that word. These thinking processes help them make sense of the text overall. Learning multiple dimensions of words is a key aspect of the Cornerstones approach.
There are three categories of understanding for each word:
- Recognition of the word in print
- Basic understanding of the primary meaning
- Other forms of the word (plurals, verb tenses, compound words)
- Multiple meanings
- Attributes, features, and characteristics of the word
- Synonyms and antonyms
- Compound words
- Idioms and figurative usage
- Other nuances
Lesson 1: bird, beak, crow, mouth, swallow, tree, woods
Lesson 2: piece of, cheese, smell, tasty, delicious
Lesson 3: fox, flatter, beware of, learn, lesson
Lesson 4: proud/pride, queen
Lesson 5: open, drop, sing
Lesson 6: beautiful, gorgeous, tiny, easy, very