Easy Activities That Teach Math Concepts
By Monica Olivera http://www.mommymaestra.com
More and more parents are taking an active role in preparing their young children for school. Chances are if you are reading this, you’re one of them. But many parents who focus on teaching pre-literacy skills sometimes forget that teaching basic math concepts are equally important for academic success. And as we discovered in the PBS KIDS survey, nearly 30 percent of parents reported anxiety about teaching their children math.
Matt and Maria have already shared some great ideas for building early math skills with a digital camera or in everyday situations. So I’d like to share some fun activities using household items for children in preschool or younger.
Beans of Every Color
So many teaching opportunities can be found in your own kitchen. I like beans because they can be used in so many different ways. If you have a variety of beans (lima beans, pinto beans, black beans, etc.), you can pour a cupful into the center section of a dip tray, then ask your child to sort them according to color or size. Sorting and categorizing is a valuable skill for young children to master before they learn to graph and analyze data in elementary school.
You might also have your child create their own bean counters using lima beans, wood sticks (popsicle sticks), and glue. Have your child glue 10 beans on each stick and then allow them to dry. This is a fun way to teach your child how to count from 1 to 10 through repetition. Save the counters for future use when your child starts to learn how to count by tens, or to study place value. I have a complete tutorial on making bean counters on my website.
As always, be sure to monitor your child when he/she plays with beans as they can be a choking hazard.
Fruits & Veggies
To teach your child to recognize colors and patterns, fruits and vegetables are handy tools. On your next trip to the grocery store, ask your child to find you a red/orange/green fruit or vegetable. Pick out several different fruits and veggies, and then when you get home, put them in a pile on your kitchen table and ask your child to sort them by color. You can also use this opportunity to talk about the differences between a fruit and a vegetable.
Animal-shaped crackers, like goldfish and teddy bears, are great props for creating some, more stories to practice basic addition, or some, some went away stories to practice basic subtraction. For example, you can tell your child, three little fish went for a swim. One more came along. How many little fish are there now? Or you might say, five bears got on the bus, but at the next stop, two got off. How many were left?
If you haven’t downloaded the bilingual PBS Parents Play & Learn app, you can do so here. Inside you’ll find lots of ideas for developing early math skills for children up to five years old. It’s divided into 13 different categories of teachable moments, and each one has four activities that are age specific: one for baby, one for toddlers, and two for preschoolers. All the activities use everyday situations to teach math. Some require simple household items, while others use items found on a trip to the grocery store or restaurant.