|Test Stress: Types of Tests
All tests are not created equal. Here are some of the basic types of tests we face during our time in school:
Tests of knowledge. Most exams test you on your knowledge, meaning specific information you learn in class. For example:
Tests of aptitude. "Aptitude" is another name for "ability." Instead of covering knowledge that you've been taught in school, aptitude tests aim to measure how well you learn or understand things. For instance, an aptitude test might show that you're a natural math whiz and should be placed in an advanced class. On the other hand, an aptitude test could let a teacher know if a student needs extra help in a certain area.
An aptitude test might:
Classroom tests. These are "regular" tests that are usually written by your teacher or the school staff. They cover only material that you've been taught in class, and are used to help determine your grade for the class.
Standardized tests. "Standardized" means that all students are tested on the same knowledge -- everyone must know the same basic things. These tests are usually identical for all students in a school district, county, state, or even the whole country. Government officials decide that there are certain facts or skills that every single student should know, and write a test that covers this material. For example, your state might feel that every student your age must know that World War II ended in 1945, or that the radius of a circle is equal to half the diameter. Because of this, these questions will probably appear on a standardized test, and your teacher will probably make sure to cover these things so you're prepared. Here's what else you might want to know: