|Alcohol: Your Brain and Body
So now we know that alcohol is a drug. But what exactly does it do to your body?
Short term effects
Right after someone has had a few drinks, alcohol can:
That's because alcohol is a type of drug known as a depressant that slows down your central nervous system.
You might see in movies or hear stories about people throwing up after drinking a lot of alcohol. That happens when a person drinks more alcohol at one time than his or her body can process, and because alcohol has toxins in it that make us feel sick (and usually, that sickness lasts until the next day, otherwise known as a "hangover"). Sometimes, if a person drinks alcohol while he's taking certain kinds of medication, he can have a bad reaction and get physically ill.
Over the long haul
Years of drinking too much alcohol can really hurt your body. For instance:
Drinking alcohol can also lead to emotional and psychological problems like sadness, depression, and even hallucinations (seeing and hearing things that are not real).
More negative effects of drinking