Sailing by Emmanuel and GiGi
Whether traveling the New York Harbor in a speedy skiff, or floating model boats in Central Park, we love to sail. While sailing our toy boats in the pond, we noticed that our boats seem to travel faster in some directions than in others. Our question: What is the fastest sailing direction and why?
What did we do?
We began our investigation by sailing our boats in three directions: with the wind (called "running"), with the wind, but at an angle (called "broad reach"), and into the wind at an angle (called "close hauled"). We set up some balloons in the sailing pond as markers and timed our boats sailing in those three directions. Once we found the fastest direction, we investigated wind speeds around the sails by booking a trip on a real sailboat out in New York harbor.
What did we find out?
Sailing our toy boats in Central Park, we found sailing "broad reach" took the least time, meaning it was the fastest speed. To understand why, we took a digital wind speed indicator (anemometer) with us on a real sailboat. When sailing "broad reach", we measured the wind speed on the outside of the sail and the inside of the sail. We found a difference between the two, indicating that the boat was getting some kind of an extra push when sailing "broad reach".
- Can you make your own anemometer? Take it with you on a sailboat and see what it tells you.
- Investigate other kinds of wind-powered vehicles, like wind cars or ice sailboats. What direction of travel gives you the fastest speed?
- Use this sailing investigation as a science fair project idea for your elementary or middle school science fair! Then tell us about it!