- Simple Machines
- LESSON PLANS
- Electricity and Circuits
- Engineering Design Process
- Green Design
- Helping Others
- Simple Machines
It's football with a twist. Invent a way to send a PingPong ball flying high enough to catch it. Take some paint stirrers, a wooden spool, and tape. Now, add your foot. Ready, set, launch!
- Duct tape
- 3–5 paint stirrers
- 1 PingPong ball
- 1 wooden block or spool
- 3oz paper cups (for your redesign)
BRAINSTORM AND DESIGN
Using the materials (and your foot), make something that launches a ball high enough so you can catch it. When we made ours, we came up with lots of ways to send our ball flying. Most of our designs (but not all) used levers. Levers are handy because they can convert a small motion (the flick of your foot) into a large motion (the end of the lever flinging your PingPong ball into the air). Now, let your imagination (and PingPong ball) fly high.
Think of different ways to put it all together and get that ball flying!
How high did it go? Did it fly high and straight enough for you to catch? Could your tallest friend catch it?
Even the best inventions can be improved. Now that your ball can fly through the air with the greatest of ease, challenge yourself to:
- send the ball twice as high
- pop up a tennis ball
- pop up two balls at once
- launch a ball for a partner to catch
INSIDE THE ENGINEERING
Levers, levers, everywhere. Yup, they're all around you. You see, levers make work easier by converting a little effort into a lot of force (like a hammer) or by converting a little movement into a large movement (like a broom or golf club). And who doesn't want to get more done with less effort? Baseball players use a lever every time they are up at bat. When you swing a bat, you move the part you're holding just a little bit. But the other end of the bat moves a lot! The same with the flippers on pinball machinesa little flick sends the ball flying. A seesaw is a big lever, though you'd need a lot of force to send someone flying! And hundreds of years ago, soldiers hurled heavy stones using catapults, which use a lever system to send the rocks flying. We think PingPong balls are much more civilized!