Malcolm X was a very passionate defender of African Americans'
civil rights. He was the leader of the Nation of Islam, a group
that believed African Americans should form a separate nation from
white Americans. Malcolm believed that African Americans should not be
afraid to do whatever it takes to defend their rights, including the use
of violence. But after returning from a trip to Mecca, a holy city for Muslims
like Malcolm, he changed his beliefs. He said that blacks and
whites should try to live together in peace. But Malcolm X did not live long enough to pursue that dream.
In 1965, he was killed during a meeting in New York City. Malcolm X remains,
though, an important hero for many African Americans.